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Top Ten Future Trends for the Internet of Things


1, Platform: Platform is the key to success.“Things” will get cheaper, applications will multiply, and network connection costs will get lower and lower. The IoT platform bundles many infrastructure components of the IoT of Things systems into one product.

2, Standards and ecosystems. As the Internet of Things devices surges, new ecosystems will emerge, and “commercial and technological competition between these ecosystems” will dominate areas such as smart homes, smart cities, and health care. Businesses that create products may have to support multiple standards or ecosystems and prepare to update products with the development of standards and the emergence of new standards and related API. With billions of devices expected to output thousands of bytes of data, app developers will launch thousands, or even millions, of new, cool apps.

3, Event flow processing. Some IoT applications will produce extremely high data rates that must be analyzed in real-time. Systems that produce tens of thousands of events per second are common and can have millions of events per second in some telecommunications and telemetry cases. To meet these needs, distributed flow computing platforms emerge, which often use parallel architectures to process very high-speed data flows to perform tasks such as real-time analysis and pattern recognition.

4, Operating system. There are many systems designed for specific purposes.

5, The processors and the schema. Developing equipment with an understanding of these equipment requirements requires “deep technical skills”.

6, The low-power WAN. Current solutions are proprietary, but emerging standards will dominate. For IoT applications that require a wide range of coverage, relatively low bandwidth, long battery life, low hardware, and operating costs, and high network connectivity density, traditional cellular networks fail to provide a good combination of technical features and operating costs. The long-term goal of WAN IoT networks is to provide data rates from hundreds of bits per second (bps) to kilobits per second (Kbps), cover nationwide, have battery life for up to 10 years, cost about $5 in terminal hardware, and support hundreds of thousands of devices connected to base stations or similar devices. The first low-power wide domain networks (LPWAN) are based on proprietary technology, but emerging standards like the narrow-band Internet of Things (NB-IoT) may dominate the area in the long term

7, Low-power, close-range IoT network. The close network of connected devices will be complex, and connected devices will not have a single general infrastructure.

8, Device management. IoT devices are not temporary, they will exist for a time and therefore need to be managed like other devices (firmware updates, software updates, etc.) and cause scale problems.

9, Analyse. The Internet of Things will require a new method of analysis. New analysis tools and algorithms are now needed, but as the number of data increases in 2021, the Internet of Things needs may vary compared to traditional analyses. The currency of the Internet of Things will be “data,” but this new currency is only valuable when large amounts of data can be translated into insight and information, and into concrete actions that can change business, change people’s lives, and influence social change.

10, Safe. The threat is far beyond the scope of rejecting sleep attacks that use malicious code and spread through the Internet of things, designed to run out of power by keeping the device awake. The IoT poses a wide range of new security risks and challenges to the IoT devices themselves, their platforms and operating systems, their communications, and even the systems that they connect to. Security technology will be needed to protect IoT devices and platforms from information attacks and physical tampering, the need to encrypt its communications, and to address new challenges such as simulating “things” or refusing sleep attacks that deplete batteries. The security of the Internet of Things will be complicated when many “things” use simple processors and operating systems that may not support complex security methods.